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Psychology 3082: Abnormal PsychologyBryan J. Gros, Ph.D.Final Exam study guide(Chapters 11, 12, 13, 14)By all means be prepared to answer questions based on small case examplesChapter 13 ~Neurodevelopmental Disorders~I.Disorders seen first in childhood(age 0-22) but might not fully manifest until later: Neurodevelopmental Disordersa group of conditions manifested early in development that are characterized by developmental deficits that produce impairments of personal, social, academic, or occupational functioningDevelopmental psychopathology—study of how disorders arise and change with timeADHD(Attention Deficit Disorder)—developmental disorder featuring maladaptive levels of inattention, excessive activity, and impulsivenessoAssociated with impairments such as behavioral, cognitive, social, and academic problemsoMost frequently diagnosed disorder in childhood and adolescence oSymptoms:Predominantly inattentivepresentationPredominantly hyperactive/impulsivepresentationCombined presentationoCriteria of DSM-5:A persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development, as characterized by (1) and/or (2):1.) Inattention—6 or more symptoms that persist for at least six months; at least 5 for ages 17 and olderOften fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, at work, or during other activities often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activitiesoften does not seem to listen when spoken to directlyoften does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplaceoften has difficulty organizing tasks and activities often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effortoften loses things necessary for tasks or activitiesis often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli (for older adolescents and adults, may include unrelated thoughts)Is often forgetful of daily activitiesHyperactivity and Impulsivity—6 or more symptoms that persist for at least six months; at least 5 for ages 17 and olderOften fidgets with or taps hands or feet or squirms in seatOften leaves seat in situations when remaining seated is expectedOften runs about or climbs in situations where it is inappropriate. (Note: In adolescents or adults, may be limited to feeling restless.)Often unable to play or engage in leisure activities quietly. Is often “on the go,” acting as if “driven by a motor.”Often talks excessively. Often blurts out an answer before a question has been completed.Often has difficulty waiting his or her turn.