Exam 3 Study Guide for Gros - Psychology 3082: Abnormal...

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Psychology 3082: Abnormal PsychologyBryan J. Gros, Ph.D.Final Exam study guide(Chapters 11, 12, 13, 14)By all means be prepared to answer questions based on small case examplesChapter 13 ~Neurodevelopmental Disorders~I.Disorders seen first in childhood(age 0-22) but might not fully manifest until later:Neurodevelopmental Disordersa group of conditions manifested early in developmentthat are characterized by developmental deficits that produce impairments of personal,social, academic, or occupational functioningDevelopmental psychopathology—study of how disorders arise and change with timeADHD(Attention Deficit Disorder)—developmental disorder featuring maladaptivelevels of inattention, excessive activity, and impulsivenessoAssociated with impairments such as behavioral, cognitive, social, andacademic problemsoMost frequently diagnosed disorder in childhood and adolescenceoSymptoms:PredominantlyinattentivepresentationPredominantlyhyperactive/impulsivepresentationCombinedpresentationoCriteria of DSM-5:A persistent pattern of inattention and/orhyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development,as characterized by (1) and/or (2):1.) Inattention—6 or more symptoms that persist for at least sixmonths; at least 5 for ages 17 and olderOften fails to give close attention to details or makes carelessmistakes in schoolwork, at work, or during other activitiesoften has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or playactivitiesoften does not seem to listen when spoken to directlyoften does not follow through on instructions and fails to finishschoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplaceoften has difficulty organizing tasks and activitiesoften avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks thatrequire sustained mental effortoften loses things necessary for tasks or activitiesis often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli (for olderadolescents and adults, may include unrelated thoughts)Is often forgetful of daily activitiesHyperactivity and Impulsivity—6 or more symptoms that persist forat least six months; at least 5 for ages 17 and olderOften fidgets with or taps hands or feet or squirms in seatOften leaves seat in situations when remaining seated isexpectedOften runs about or climbs in situations where it isinappropriate. (Note: In adolescents or adults, may be limitedto feeling restless.)Often unable to play or engage in leisure activities quietly.Is often “on the go,” acting as if “driven by a motor.”Often talks excessively.Often blurts out an answer before a question has beencompleted.Often has difficulty waiting his or her turn.

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