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Unformatted text preview: Nationalism: The Unity of the People In the 18 th century, philosophers began thinking in terms of reason and democracy. This was the beginning of the Enlightenment. This thinking sparked ideas for the French Revolution and revolutionizing the monarchy into a government for the people. These ideals in turn created the idea of a nation and nationalism. The idea of a nation and nationalism directly stemmed from beliefs that originated in the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. The philosophers of the Enlightenment began thinking about general ideas such as a mans intelligence and natural rights. Intelligence of man as described by Immanuel Kant, is to use their own minds securely and well 1 He also claimed that enlightenment is mans leaving his self-caused immaturity, 2 and as men woke up from this immaturity, they would begin to form new ideas such as reason, tolerance, and the reformation of religion. Natural rights were a huge aspect of the enlightenment as well. John Locke was a huge advocate for natural rights, saying that natural rights had to be preserved, and through this preservation, there cannot be an absolute power, and must have the consent of the governed. 3 He also states that there is to be one rule for rich and poor, for the favourite at court, and the country man at the plow, 4 furthering the idea that every man is created equal and the government should reflect that. In this way, he was very 1 Immanuel Kant, What is Enlightenment? (1784), in Marvin Perry, et al., Source of the Western Tradition (New York, 2006), pp. 52-53(New York, 2006), pp....
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