chapter 15 outline - Chapter 15: Pregnancy and Lactation...

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Chapter 15: Pregnancy and Lactation Nutrition prior to pregnancy 0. Both a man’s and a woman’s _________________ may affect ____________________. 1. _________________: the capacity of a woman to produce a normal ovum periodically and of a man to produce normal sperm; the ability to reproduce. 2. Once __________________ has occurred, it is the _____________________’s nutrition that has a direct influence on the developing fetus. Preparation 3. A woman can prepare herself ____________________, ______________________ and __________________ before getting pregnant 0. Achieve and maintain a healthy body ______________ 1. Choose an adequate and balanced __________ 2. Be physically active 3. Receive regular medical care 4. Manage chronic ___________ 5. Avoid harmful influences Growth and development 0. A whole new life begins at ____________________ - the union of the female ____________ with the male ___________ (fertilization) Placental development 1. The placenta begins to form in the early days of pregnancy. The placenta is the organ that develops inside of the _________________ through which the fetus receives _______________ and _____________ and returns carbon dioxide and other waste products to be excreted. 2. The amniotic sac and the umbilical cord also form. The placenta 3. The placenta is a metabolically active organ. 4. It uses ____________ and ____________________ to support its work.
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5. It produces an array of ____________________ that maintain pregnancy and prepare the mother’s breasts for ___________________. Fetal growth 6. The ___________________ starts as a single cell and divides. It implants on the wall of the uterus ____ weeks after fertilization. 7. The zygote becomes an ____________ after implantation. The placenta begins to form __________ implantation and the mother begins to nourish the embryo Fetal growth 8. The _________ is the developing infant from _____ weeks after conception. Critical periods 9. 17-30 days ________________ (gestation: the period from conception to birth) 0. Neural tube development 1. Most women do not even realize they are pregnant during this time 2. Any abnormal development of the _______________________ or its failure to close completely can cause a major defect in the ______________________________________________ (CNS). Neural tube defects 10. In the U.S. ~ 30 out of every 100,000 newborns are born with a neural tube defect. 11. A neural tube defect is a malformation of the ___________, ___________________________, or both during embryonic development. Two main types: 3. Spina bifida 4. Anencephaly 12. ________________________________: the upper end of the neural tube fails to close. The brain is either missing or fails to develop. Pregnancies may end in miscarriage; infants born will die shortly after birth. 13.
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HUN 1201 taught by Professor Zimmerman during the Spring '08 term at Tallahassee Community College.

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chapter 15 outline - Chapter 15: Pregnancy and Lactation...

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