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IAH Study Guide1. Early ChinaThe Classics of Poetry-1 of 5 classics said to have been compiled by Confucius-Anthology of 305 ancient poems-Used as a cultural encyclopedia across the social divide between the highand the low (eg. Textbook, manual for diplomatic communication)-Poems in this anthology share-Elements of repetition and variationDifference between meanings of the poems and the Mao Commentaries (HanDynasty) on the Classic of poetry?-Individual poem examples:Differences between Confucian school and Daoist school? Differences withinthe same school of Confucian thought? How do these philosophers conveytheir ideas?Confucianism vs. DaoismDaoism: way of looking at life and living itConfucianism: a system of ethics for family and societal living-focus on you and other people-Mencius: human nature is originally good-people can be corrupted unless they strive to preserve goodness-mandate of heaven: heaven orseas a moral order in which theobjective of a ruler is to provide well being and prosperity for hispeople-better to win the hearts/minds of common people instead of beingobsessed with profit-Xun Zi: challenged Mencius; human nature is innately bad-Major faults of Qin exemplified in “The Faults of the Qin”-Harsh towards its people and lacked humaneness and rightness-Preserving power differ from seizing power-Repressing diverse opinions is counter productiveRelationship between literati and the rulers discussed in the class?-Used literature to create political doctrines-Rulers used the literati to create rules for their country
Describe the Grand Historian (Sima Qin): what was his goal in life and whatdilemma did he face?