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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 16 Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence Nursing bottle tooth decay Nursing bottle tooth decay *To avoid extensive tooth decay in infants, never allow infants to be put to bed with a ________________ in their mouths *Salivary flow diminishes when an infant sleeps *Decay-producing bacteria from formula, milk or juice cause tooth decay from staying in the _______________ a long time. (liquid pools in mouth) Nutrition during childhood Nutrition during childhood *From age 1 to adolescence children grow *________ inches taller per year *________ pounds heavier per year *Growth charts provide valuable clues to a child’s health Energy and nutrient needs Energy and nutrient needs *Children’s _______________ begin to diminish around one year, consistent with the slowing growth. *Their appetites coincide with periods of ________________ *Sometimes they seem insatiable and other times they seem to live on air and water Variance during meals Variance during meals *Children’s energy intakes also vary from _____________________________. *Sometimes they consume a lot during one meal and very little during the next *The kcaloric intake for the day seems to _______________________ though *The exception: children who are overweight *They eat in response to _____________ Kcaloric needs Kcaloric needs *1 year old: _______ kcals per day *6 year old: _______ kcals per day *10 year old: _______ kcals per day *Energy needs increase with age, but decrease when calculated per kilogram of body weight *Physically active children need _________ kcals Carbohydrate and fiber needs Carbohydrate and fiber needs *Carbohydrate needs are based on the amount of ___________needed by the _____________. *After the age of 1, glucose use remains constant and is within the adult range *Carbohydrate requirements for children over the age of 1 are the same as the adult requirements *___________ recommendations are less for children who consume low kcals Fat and fatty acids Fat and fatty acids *No RDA has been set, but recommendations are: *30-40% of kcals for children 1-3 *25-35% of kcals for children 2-18 Protein Protein *Ages 1-3: 11 grams *Ages 4-8: 19 grams *Ages 9-13: 34 *Ages 14-18: 52 grams *Take into consideration the quality of the protein and the added needs during periods of...
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- Spring '08