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Chapter 17 outline sp 08 - Nutrition and Longevity Good...

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Chapter 17 Adulthood and the later years Nutrition and Longevity 0. Good nutrition and regular physical activity can increase life _____________________, support  good _________________________, prevent or prolong the onset of disease, and improve the  ____________________________________ 1. There are many healthy habits that can increase life span.  2. A person’s physiological age and chronological age may be different.  Nutrition and Longevity 0. Observation of Older Adults 0. Healthy Habits that influence physiological age 0. Sleeping ____________and adequately 1. Eating well-balanced meals, including _________________, regularly 2. Engaging in ______________________ regularly 3. Not smoking 4. Not using alcohol, or using it in moderation 5. Maintaining a healthy body _____________ Nutrition and Longevity 0. Observation of Older Adults 0. Physical Activity 0. Many benefits including lower weight, greater flexibility, increased _________________,  better balance and health, and a longer __________________ 1. Regular physical activity can prevent or delay the decrease in muscle mass and strength  that occur with age. 2. Active people benefit from higher _______________________________________ intakes. 3. Start easy and build slowly 4. Check with _________________ Nutrition and Longevity 1. Manipulation of Diet 0. Energy Restriction in Animals 0. Shown to _____________________ 1. Shown to delay onset of or prevent disease 1. Energy Restriction in Human Beings 2. Applying results in animal studies to human beings is problematic. 0. Does it mean eating less or weighing less? 1. Is it weight loss? 2. Is it from exercise or from less energy intake? 3. Cutting back on energy intake by 10-20% 3. Decrease in body _________ 4. Decrease in body ________ 5. Decrease in blood pressure and blood _________ 6. Improves _______________ response The Aging Process 0. Physiological, psychological, social, and economic changes that accompany aging affect  ____________________________status.  1. Everyday stress can influence physical and psychological aging.  2. Stress is a demand placed on the body to _____________. Stress 3. Stressors elicit the body’s stress response.  4. Physical stressors include _____________ and __________abuse, smoking, pain and illness.  5. Psychological stressors include exams, divorce, moving, and the death of loved ones.  6.
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