chp14 - Michael Mann PSY2012 April 12, 2008 Chapter 14...

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Michael Mann PSY2012 April 12, 2008 Chapter 14 Outline II. The Disorders of the DSM - IV - TR A. Anxiety disorders: what, me worry? * anxiety disorders - disorders in which the main symptom is excessive or unrealistic anxiety and fearfulness * free-floating anxiety- anxiety that is unrelated to any realistic, known source. 1. Phobic disorders: when fears get out of hand *phobia- an irrational, persistent fear of an object, situation, or social activity *social phobia- fear of interacting with others or being in social situations that might lead to a negative evaluation *specific phobia- fear of objects or specific situations or events * claustraphobia- fear of being in a small, enclosed space *acrophobia- fear of heights *agoraphobia- fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or impossible 2. Obsessive-compulsive disorder *obsessive-compulsive disorder- disorder in which intruding, recurring thoughts or obsessions create anxiety that is relieved by performing a repetitive, ritualistic behavior * Examples include obsessions with having left something undone, resulting in constant checking and rechecking of one's work 3. Panic disorder * panic attack- sudden onset of intense panic in which multiple physical symptoms of stress occur, often with feelings that one is dying *panic disorder- disorder in which panic attacks occur frequently enough to cause the person difficulty in adjusting to daily life *panic disorder with agoraphobia- fear of leaving one's familiar surroundings because one might have a panic attack in public 4. Generalized anxiety disorder * generalized anxiety disorder - disorder in which a person has feelings of dread an impending doom along with physical symptoms of stress, which last six months or more * These people feel tense, edgy, get tired easily, have sleeping problems, and have trouble concentrating 5. Causes of anxiety disorders *magnification- the tendency to interpret situations as far more dangerous, harmful, or important than they actually are * all-or-nothing thinking- the tendency to believe that one's performance must be perfect or the result will be a total failure
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*overgeneralization- the tendency to interpret a single negative event as a never- ending pattern of defeat and failure *minimization- the tendency to give little or no importance to one's successes or positive events and traits B. Somatoform disorders * somatoform disorders- disorders that take the form of bodily illnesses and sypmtoms but for which there are no real physical disorders\ * psychosomatic disorders- disorder in which psychological stress causes a real physical disorder or illness
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HUN 1201 taught by Professor Zimmerman during the Spring '08 term at Tallahassee Community College.

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chp14 - Michael Mann PSY2012 April 12, 2008 Chapter 14...

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