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Unformatted text preview: of post-and-lintel (sarsen-and-capstone) constructions. ha single stele, known as the “heelstone,” was used to measure the variance in the positions of the sun’s rising throughout the year. The Birth of Civilization (ca. 4000 B.C.E.) – Neolithic Developments : eFirst division of labor and specialization of labor eInvention of the wheel, plow, and the solar calendar eArtificial systems of irrigation and large-scale farming required a higher degree of communal organization h Writing invented 3100 B.C.-- the pictograph (picture symbols), followed by cuneiform (wedge-shaped writing in Sumer), and hieroglyphs (“sacred signs”) in Egypt (later decoded through the Rosetta Stone now in the British Museum). Belief in animism – belief that nature is inhabited by living spirits...
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- Spring '08
- Tone, British Museum, New Stone Age, ha single stele, Neolithic Developments