Neolithic_Period_rtf - of post-and-lintel(sarsen-and-capstone constructions ha single stele known as the “heelstone,” was used to measure the

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Neolithic (New Stone Age) 8,000-4,000 B.C.E. The Neolithic Period began shortly after the Mesolithic (transitional) Period (10,00-8,000 B.C.E.) [In the Mesolithic Period , early humans made the transition from nomadic lives of hunting and gathering, to herding and farming.] Architecture : e Neolithic dwellings were often mud-and-limestone huts. hBurial sites were marked with megaliths (“great stones”) eDolmen were upright megaliths topped by capstones ePost-and-lintel construction consisted of upright stones hconnected by horizontal slabs at the top. hA stele is an upright monolith used as a marker or monument Stonehenge : e was a ritual site, probably used as a huge calendar, in Southern England to mark the seasons—equinoxes and solstices. hwas a circle of 20-foot-tall megaliths, some weighing 25 tons, quarried from 20 miles away, and shaped, without metal tools, to form a huge outer circle of movable stones and a giant horseshoe
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: of post-and-lintel (sarsen-and-capstone) constructions. ha single stele, known as the “heelstone,” was used to measure the variance in the positions of the sun’s rising throughout the year. The Birth of Civilization (ca. 4000 B.C.E.) – Neolithic Developments : eFirst division of labor and specialization of labor eInvention of the wheel, plow, and the solar calendar eArtificial systems of irrigation and large-scale farming required a higher degree of communal organization h Writing invented 3100 B.C.-- the pictograph (picture symbols), followed by cuneiform (wedge-shaped writing in Sumer), and hieroglyphs (“sacred signs”) in Egypt (later decoded through the Rosetta Stone now in the British Museum). Belief in animism – belief that nature is inhabited by living spirits...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HUMANITIES hum2271 taught by Professor Richards during the Spring '08 term at Tallahassee Community College.

Page1 / 2

Neolithic_Period_rtf - of post-and-lintel(sarsen-and-capstone constructions ha single stele known as the “heelstone,” was used to measure the

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online