Aristotle_Legend_and_PreHistory - A LEGEND has its basis in...

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ARISTOTLE’S VIEW of POETIC TRUTH vs. HISTORICAL TRUTH Aristotle considered POETRY superior to HISTORY because poetry deals with the general and philosophical, whereas history deals with the particular. Greek poetry was recited in a sing-song voice; thus, it was very close to music. Both poetry and music have the power to move human beings to do things they might not otherwise do—both good and bad! Stirring music (marches, operatic choruses, trumpet fanfares), romantically or oratorically inspiring leaders (Julius Caesar, Napoleon, Hannibal, Pericles, Martin Luther King), banners and slogans (“Remember the Alamo,” “Fifty-four Forty or Fight,” “Free At Last, Free AT Last . . .”) all have inspired people to risk their lives and their safety for ideas ! WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LEGEND and MYTH
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Unformatted text preview: ? A LEGEND has its basis in historical fact. A MYTH is a story made up by primitive societies to explain natural phenomena for which they have no other explanation. In the Medieval French epic, The Song of Roland, Charlemagne is 200 years old, Roland is his nephew who blows his horn so loudly that it is heard two day’s journey into France. There really was a Black, steel-driving man named John Henry, but he didn’t swing his hammers so fast that they caused a mountain to cave it. WHAT SEPARATES PRE-HISTORY from HISTORY ? HISTORY appears as soon as there are written records. Writing was invented in the Western world around 3200 B.C.E. The earliest writing was for the purpose of record keeping in agriculture and commerce. Epic and lyric literature appeared much later....
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