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CRETE and the MINOAN CIVILIZATION ca. 2000-1400 B.C.E. R Crete was essentially a peace-loving, agrarian, seafaring, and trading culture that flourished in the Southern Aegean for nearly 600 years. r Early in its history, it was ruled by kings. Around 1800 B.C.E., the role of women became more prominent and Crete may have even become a matriarchy for a time . There is speculation that the queen’s husband, or consort, may have been sacrificed and a new one chosen every seven years. The Legend of the Minotaur r According to Greek mythology, the god Apollo once commanded the legendary king of Crete, King Minos , to sacrifice a perfect white bull. When Minos could not bring himself to do this, Apollo was angered and caused the queen to have relations with the bull, bringing forth--the Minotaur --a terrible, man-eating creature, half man, half bull! r Each Greek city-state was required to sacrifice seven young men and seven young maidens to be thrown into the Minotaur’s labyrinth each year, where they were devoured. r
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HUMANITIES hum2271 taught by Professor Richards during the Spring '08 term at Tallahassee Community College.

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