Unformatted text preview: GREEK GOVERNMENT SPARTA:
Oligarchy -- "rule by the few" as in a iunta.
Lacon — province of the Spartans. Spartans were people of few words—hence. "laconic"
Thermopylae — a heroic "last stand" against overwhelming odds. The Thirty Tyrants -- a group of oppressive governors sent by Sparta
to rule Athens after the Peloponnesian War. ATHENS:
demos — liter-ally, "of the people" —- root word of democracy.
Draco -- an early Athenian judge notorious for harsh punishments.
Solon -- an important early Athenian lawgiver or legislator —
hence, a term for a_li legislators.
Delos‘ —- a small island in the Aegean which housed the treasury of the Delian League .. an alliance of Athens and surrounding city-states to
defeat the Persians. Pericles — elected stramgps. or governor. for almost 30 years. Oversaw
rebuilding of Athens after Persian Wars in "Golden" or
"Periclean" Age. Thucydides -- the ﬁrst "modern" historian who tried to record " just the
facts." Author of History of the Peloponnesian War - considered the ﬁrst responsible and
objective work of history. The Plague — an outbreak of TSS around 330 BC which demonstrated
how desperate and unlawful even the Athenians could he. hubris -- inappropriate or arrogant pride. ...
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- Spring '08