MYCENAEAN__CIVILIZATION - by the German-American amateur...

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MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION (ca. 1600-1200 B.C.E.) Y Ca. 1600 B.C.E. a warlike, aggressive people settled in the Northern Peloponnesus, creating the powerful, fortress-like city- state called MYCENAE. Y It has long been speculated that the Mycenaeans overran the Minoans on Crete, ending that culture around 1400 B.C.E., but that has not been proven. a We do know that Mycenae led a coalition of Greek city-states against the city-state of Troy in a 10-year-long siege from 1194- 1184 in the TROJAN WAR . a One of the great warrior-kings of Mycenae who figures prominently in both Homer’s Iliad and in several classical Greek tragedies was Agamemnon , bother of Menelaus, King of Sparta . a The ruins of the hill-top citadel of Mycenae were identified in 1876
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Unformatted text preview: by the German-American amateur archeologist Heinrich Schliemann , after Schliemann had already located the long-lost city of TROY . Schliemann believed that he had also found a gold death mask of Agamemnon, only to be later proven wrong by subsequent archeologists. The Citadel of Mycenae – a Mycenae could only be entered through the narrow Lion Gate , so called because of two 9-foot-tall stone lions (ancient symbols of masculine authority) flanking an altar above the post-and-lintel entrance . a Inside the city walls, the streets were narrow and jumbled, making a sweeping attack by cavalry or chariot an impossibility. Hand-to-hand combat was the only way the city could be taken....
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