13%20-%20Mesopotamia%20hand - MESOPOTAMIAN CULTURES...

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1 Mesopotamian Cultures Mesopotamian Cultures (3200 (3200 -331 B.C.E.) 331 B.C.E.) MESOPOTAMIAN CULTURES Located in Mesopotamia, “The Land Between the Rivers,” (the Tigris and the Euphrates), Sumer was a collection of city-states. The entire region of Mesopotamia was subject to both natural disasters (floods, earthquakes, famines) and man-made calamities such as war. Mesopotamia was not united by language, custom, or government. With the exception of the Hebrews, Mesopotamians, including Sumerians, were polytheistic . Sumerian City Sumerian City -States States (3200-2350 b.c.e.)
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2 THE BABYLONIAN THE BABYLONIAN CREATION CREATION (ca. 2000-1800 B.C.E.) is the world’s first cosmological, creation myth. THE BABYLONIAN THE BABYLONIAN CREATION MYTH CREATION MYTH Marduk Slaying Tiamat Marduk – the hero-god who is the son of Wisdom, kills the oppressive and tyrannical Tiamat, the Great Mother, symbolizing the end of matriarchy among Mesopotamians. Marduk establishes Babylon (lit.“home of the gods”) and creates the first human beings. Ishtar Ishtar Gates Gates (575 b.c.e.) (575 b.c.e.) Babylon Babylon Epic of Gilgamesh Epic of Gilgamesh • World’s first epic poem •H e ro • Gods • Immortality • Trials of life The Epic of Gilgamesh (ca. 2700 B.C.E.)
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3 Bull Bull ’s Head Lyre s Head Lyre What is an epic? The actions of a hero or heroes told in elevated (elegant) style, that depict the history of a culture. What are the four key words used to describe every epic? action, hero, style, and culture. What are the two main themes of The Epic of Gilgamesh? 1. 2. After losing his best friend Enkidu, because of the jealous Queen of Heaven, Ishtar, Gilgamesh sets out to find eternal life. Gilgamesh meets Utnapishtim who has saved mankind from a devastating flood by building a large boat and taking aboard all kinds animals. (What is the first parallel story that comes to mind?) The Gilgamesh epic (ca. 2700 B.C.E.) pre-dates even the earliest Hebrew literature. Compare the
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13%20-%20Mesopotamia%20hand - MESOPOTAMIAN CULTURES...

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