23%20-%20Ancient%20China%20ppt - ANCIENT CHINA THE SOCIAL...

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ANCIENT CHINA ANCIENT CHINA
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THE SOCIAL ORDER OF ANCIENT CHINA Ca. 1200 B.C.E. the Shang Dynasty estab- lished a royal order much like that of Egypt and Mesopotamia Kings had a powerful bureaucracy and armies of peasant archers who also farmed the king’s lands in peacetime
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Tombs of ancient Kings contained much wealth— bronze vessels, jade objects, and polychromed ceramics Bodies of beheaded slaves who built the tombs were also found
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THE NATURAL ORDER Ancient Chinese believed that a harmon- ious natural order pervaded the universe This natural, creative principle was called Shang-ti (Lord on High) or Qian (Heaven) The substance of the universe and the vital energy that pervades the human body was called qi (pronounced “key”) Priests used tortoise shells and animal bones, heated and cracked, to divine the future
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Chinese worshipped their dead ances- tors who were believed to have con- tinuing influence on this life The I Ching (Book of Changes) was used to interpret signs of the future
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HUMANITIES hum2271 taught by Professor Richards during the Spring '08 term at Tallahassee Community College.

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23%20-%20Ancient%20China%20ppt - ANCIENT CHINA THE SOCIAL...

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