ANCIENT_EGYPT - ANCIENT EGYPT Gods Rulers and the Social Order Egypt emerged along the bank of the 4,00-mile-long Nile River before 3150 B.C.E

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ANCIENT EGYPT: Gods, Rulers, and the Social Order N Egypt emerged along the bank of the 4,00-mile-long Nile River before 3150 B.C.E. EEgypt was called by Greek historian Herodotus, “ the gift of the Nile” because of the annual overflow of the Nile every 365 days—the source of Egypt’s solar calendar N Unified under a sole ruler ca. 3150 B.C.E. ERelatively invulnerable to invasion because surrounded by sea and desert. EEgypt was stable because : 1. The people shared a common language 2. The people shared a common world view 3. Egyptians had a uniform political, religious, and cultural life The Gods of Egypt The Sun God : Though Egypt was polytheistic , its main god was the Sun God , known variously as Ra, Amon, or Aten. Egyptian cosmology described the origins of the world as a flat platter floating on the waters of the underworld. From a mound of silt deposited by the Nile arose the Sun God from whom all other gods were made. Osiris, God of the Underworld : E Osiris , associated with the Nile, was killed by his evil brother, Set , and his body chopped into pieces and scatter over the earth. E Isis , wife of Osiris, gather up the pieces of his body and restored Osiris to life. EIsis and Osiris produced a son, Horus , the sky-god depicted as a falcon , who defeated Set and became ruler of Egypt. EUltimately, Egyptian religion celebrated some 2,000 gods and placed great emphasis on the concept of resurrection . Rulers of Ancient Egypt EEgypt was first united ca. 3150 B.C.E. under Narmer , the first pharaoh or king, (sometimes known as Menes ). EFor about 2500 years Egypt was ruled by some 20 dynasties (ruling families):
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HUMANITIES hum2271 taught by Professor Richards during the Spring '08 term at Tallahassee Community College.

Page1 / 5

ANCIENT_EGYPT - ANCIENT EGYPT Gods Rulers and the Social Order Egypt emerged along the bank of the 4,00-mile-long Nile River before 3150 B.C.E

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online