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Mesopotamian_Cultures - Mesopotamian Cultures Located in...

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Mesopotamian Cultures Located in Mesopotamia , “The Land Between the Rivers ,” (the Tigris and the Euphrates), Sumer was a collection of city-states. The entire region of Mesopotamia was subject to both natural disasters (floods, earthquakes, famines) and man-made calamities such as war. Mesopotamia was not united by language, custom, or government. With the exception of the Hebrews, Mesopotamians, including Sumerians, were polytheistic. The Babylonian Creation (ca. 2000-1800 B.C.E.) – is the world’s first cosmological, creation myth. MMarduk – the hero-god who is the son of Wisdom, kills the oppressive and tyrannical Tiamat, the Great Mother, symbolizing the end of matriarchy among Mesopotamians. o Marduk establishes Babylon (lit. “home of the gods”) and creates the first human beings. The Epic of Gilgamesh (ca. 2700 B.C.E.) – is the world’s first epic poem. o What is an epic? MWhat are the four key words used to describe every epic? M What are the two main themes of The Epic of Gilgamesh ? 1. 2. oAfter losing his best friend Enkidu, because of the jealous Queen of Heaven, Ishtar, Gilgamesh sets out to find eternal life.
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Gilgamesh meets Utnapishtim who has saved mankind from a devastating flood by building a large boat and taking aboard all kinds animals. (What is the first parallel story that comes to mind?) oThe Gilgamesh epic (ca. 2700 B.C.E.) pre-dates even the earliest Hebrew literature. Compare of the actions of Gilgamesh and Noah : (What do you notice about the storytelling tradition in general?)
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