lecture 1, three worlds meet

lecture 1, three worlds meet - Lecture 1, Three Worlds Meet...

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1Lecture 1, Three Worlds Meet Main Ideas: --Three major cultural groups inhabited North America. Native Americans Europeans Africans --There were differences within each group. --Consider similarities and differences of the three groups: economies politics social structures --How might differences/similarities have influenced relations between them. --How did group interact with the natural environment. 1. People of America before Columbus a. Bering Land Bridge i. ii. People crossed 12,000-14,000 years ago iii. Became hunters and farmers (1) about 10,000 BCE to 1,500 CE iv. Lived nomadic existence, migrating . .. (1) eastern edge of N.A. (2) southern tip of S.A. v. Adapted and grew, depending on locale. b. Beringian: 14,000 years ago i. First new technology occurred (1) Flaked, hard stones served as spear points (2) Kill sites revealed . .. (a) largescale hunting (b) settled village life (c) decreased nomadic existence c. Archaic: 10,000-2,500 years ago i. Massive glaciers retreated ii. Environments changed iii. Large mammals decreased iv. Humans adapted to new climate with new technology--farming 2. Agricultural Revolution a. Allowed for sedentary life b. Environmental devastation resulted i. Hohokam: collapsed in central Arizona ii. Anasazi: disappeared in four corners region c. Native people NOT the first ecologists d. Why did Agriculture emerge? i. Mega-faunal extinction? e. Food surpluses created greater social, political complexity.
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i. Numerous groups exploited local resources ii. Traded with each other in regional networks. 3. Native Americans in 1600 a. Many distinct societies had emerged b. Four Corners i. Hopi, Zuni tribes (1) Planned villages (2) Terraced, multi-storied rooms ii. Pueblo tribes (1) northern New Mexico (2) watered corn fields: (a) irrigation canals (b) dams (c) terraced hillsides c. Mid-Western North America i. Mound-building societies ii. Mississippi and Ohio river valleys (1) 100s of ceremonial mounds (2) 70 feet high (3) geometric designs iii. Mississippi Valley Culture (1) appeared 600 CE (2) Cultivated beans, maize, squash (3) Cahokia (St. Louis) (4) 40,00 people
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 1103 taught by Professor Rohrer during the Spring '06 term at Oklahoma State.

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lecture 1, three worlds meet - Lecture 1, Three Worlds Meet...

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