2: COLONIZING A CONTINENT
Period under consideration: 1600-1700
There was not a single model of colonial settlement.
People migrated to North America for various reasons:
These communities often reflected European roots more than values of the New
World, like “freedom” or “democracy”
Regional environmental features greatly shaped how communities took root.
Colonies can be clustered into three regions:
MD, VA, NC, SC, GA
New England Colonies:
MA, CN, RI, NH
NY, NJ, DE, PA
British were not the only Europeans to colonize North America.
All competed to control North America
Two types of colonies:
single person or owner
based on a crown charter
proprietor has no control
crown officials control local gov’t.
The Chesapeake Tobacco Coast
England explores North America
Sir Walter Raleigh, 1585
Roanoke, 1587, 1591
91 men, 17 women, 9 children
Relations w/ Indians
Profits proved elusive
died due to dysentery, malaria, malnutrition
1/3 were gold-seeking adventurers
refined gentlemen not used to labor
unskilled, lower classes, criminal backgrounds
Sot Weed and Indentured Servants
200,000 lbs., 1624
3 million lbs., 1639