lecture outline 2, colonizing a continent

lecture outline 2, colonizing a continent - LECTURE 2:...

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1LECTURE 2: COLONIZING A CONTINENT 1. Introduction: a. Period under consideration: 1600-1700 b. There was not a single model of colonial settlement. c. People migrated to North America for various reasons: i. religious ii. economic iii. political d. These communities often reflected European roots more than values of the New World, like “freedom” or “democracy” e. Regional environmental features greatly shaped how communities took root. f. Colonies can be clustered into three regions: i. Southern Colonies: (1) MD, VA, NC, SC, GA ii. New England Colonies: (1) MA, CN, RI, NH iii. Middle Colonies: (1) NY, NJ, DE, PA g. British were not the only Europeans to colonize North America. i. All competed to control North America h. Two types of colonies: i. Proprietary: (1) single person or owner ii. Joint-stock: (1) based on a crown charter (2) proprietor has no control (3) crown officials control local gov’t. 2. The Chesapeake Tobacco Coast a. England explores North America i. Sir Walter Raleigh, 1585 ii. Roanoke, 1587, 1591 (1) 91 men, 17 women, 9 children (2) Failed miserably (a) Too small (b) Under-financed (c) Relations w/ Indians b. Jamestown, 1607 i. Joint-stock company ii. Profits proved elusive iii. First arrivals: (1) died due to dysentery, malaria, malnutrition (2) 1/3 were gold-seeking adventurers (3) refined gentlemen not used to labor (4) unskilled, lower classes, criminal backgrounds c. Sot Weed and Indentured Servants i. Tobacco exports: (1) 200,000 lbs., 1624 (2) 3 million lbs., 1639 ii. Indentured Servants:
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(1) Willingingly sold years of labor for passage to North America (2) 3 out of 5 immigrants to VA were indentured servants (3) Came from . .. (a) England, Ireland (moslty) (b) Sweden (c) Portugal (d) Spain (e) Germany (f) Turkey (g) Poland (4) 3/4 were male (5) Between 1 to 24 years old (6) Often were orphans, criminals, political prisoners (7) Women: (a) also performed physical labor (b) sexual abuse (c) repaid time lost pregnancy (d) servants were indentured too d. Westward Expansion and Indian War i. Euro. settlement impacted local Indians (1) Spanish arrived, 1561 (2) Took local chieftain (3) Left behind disease (4) Established Jesuit mission (5) Killed chief ii. John Smith (1) Leader of English settlers (2) Failed to understand Spanish precedents (3) Led raids on Indian corn supplies (4) Intimated w/ force iii. Powhatan (1) Nephew of chief killed by Spanish (2) Also served as chief and fought encroachment by whites (3) Captured, then released, John Smith, performing a “mock trial” (4) Adopted a policy of accommodation (5) Formed Powhatan Confederacy: alliance of 40 small groups (6) Led assault on Europeans (7) 1/3 of all settlers killed
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 1103 taught by Professor Rohrer during the Spring '06 term at Oklahoma State.

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lecture outline 2, colonizing a continent - LECTURE 2:...

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