Lecture Outline 3, Mastering a New World

Lecture Outline 3, Mastering a New World - LECTURE 3:...

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1LECTURE 3: MASTERING A NEW WORLD 1. Introduction a. Period under consideration: 1675-1715 b. Five attempts to establish mastery: i. Colonists over African captives ii. Colonists over Native Americans iii. English officials over colonists iv. Colonial elites want political, social mastery v. England over French, Dutch Spanish 2. African Bondage a. At least 12 million Africans exported from Africa to New World b. Slave trade . .. i. occurred for 400 years after 1492 ii. existed throughout New World North America was a fringe c. North American slavery dramatically increased: i. 17 th c.: 10,000 slaves in American colonies ii. 18 th c.: 350,000 slaves in American colonies d. The Slave Trade . .. i. was deeply rooted in African societies ii. Arabs, Moors drove slaves acrosss Saharan desert iii. was transformed by sugar Brazil Santo Domingo iv. European powers vied for control 1) Dutch replaced Portuguese as major supplier 2) English . .. were irrelevant eventually displaced Dutch were largest slave traders by 1790s v. Middle passage 1) journey from Africa to New World 2) marched overland 3) suicide, starvation, exhaustion, branded 4) 4-8 weeks on ship 5) 1 out of 7 died en route e. The Southern Transition to Black Labor i. English colonists first looked to Indians 1) died of disease 2) difficult to subjugate ii. Transition to African slaves occurred slowly: 1) blacks and whites worked side by side 2) 1671: 30,000 slaves in English Barbados 3,000 slaves in Virginia
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iii. Three reasons for shift: 1) England wanted to be major commercial power 2) Southern planters could purchase slaves more cheaply 3) Supply of white servants dried up f. Slavery in the Northern Colonies i. Not a foundation of the workforce ii. Northern colonies participated in slave trade indirectly: 1 ) Triangle trade g. The System of Bondage i Slaves gradually lost more freedom throughout 17 th c. ii. Law was mechanism for this 1) Slavery defined by law: black = slave 2) Black codes denied land ownership prevented free movement prevented freedom to hire-out as laborers denied ability to marry across races denied right to carry arms hereditary lifetime servitude iii. Impact of slavery on slaveholders
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 1103 taught by Professor Rohrer during the Spring '06 term at Oklahoma State.

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Lecture Outline 3, Mastering a New World - LECTURE 3:...

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