Final paper - Jessica Nickerson History 112 Professor Wahl...

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Jessica NickersonHistory 112Professor WahlNovember 1, 2015Opium`s Economic and Political impact on AfghanistanThroughout many generations Afghanistan has been one of the world`s greatest producer`s of opium. The production of opium traces as far back as the Soviet period when the opium production was expanded. But the production of Opium has been on a steady rise since 2001. Production of Opium in the country of Afghanistan has had significantly positive impact on the economic side of Afghanistan. But when talking about the political side the production and distribution of Opium has had a negative impact on Afghanistan`s government. The opium production and trading industry has significantly impacted the economic and political areas of Afghanistan by employing thousands and having a net worth that has accounted for a majority of Afghanistan`s GDP. Since October 2001 when the United States led an invasion on Afghanistan in 2001 the Opium production has had a significant increase. But in the year 2014, Afghan`s opium cultivation hit a record again1. Over the last four years the Afghanistan opium production has been on a steady rise. In the year 2012 alone the poppy cultivation land expanded over an area of more than 380,542 acres. Through the thousands of acres of Opium and the steady rise in the production of opium it has had a significantly positive impact on the Afghans economy. The production of opium is a source of Billions of dollars. The heroine that the Afghan’s produce is sold1Andrew, Rosenthal.” Afghanistan`s Unending Addiction.” New York Times, October 26,2014, Opinion Pages.
for more than 100 times the price the farmers get for their opium right out of the field2. The distributing and trading of the Opium has brought in the majority of the countries revenue. In the early 2000`s the opium trade was accounted for as much as 50 % of the Afghanistan`s GDP3.The foundation of the production of opium is the villagers and farmers. Thesevillagers and farmers consider opium more valuable than gold. Throughout Afghanistan they produce around 92% of the worlds opium. Which then equal`s out to have an export value of roughly $3 billion. And throughout Afghanistan roughly 3

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