Lecture Outline 17, Native Americans and the West, 1877-1900

Lecture Outline 17, Native Americans and the West,...

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1Lecture 17, Native Americans and the West, 1877-1900 1. Economic Activities of Native Americans a. World Columbian Exposition–Chicago, 1893 i. Celebrated 400 th anniversary of Columbus’s discovery of America ii. Exhibits included ... 1. Frederick Jackson Turner 2. Buffalo Bill Cody iii. Which view was correct? 1. Both 2. Neither b. Economic Activities of Native Americans i. Subsistence Cultures 1. raising crops 2. raising livestock 3. hunting. fishing, gathering 4. trading and raiding c. Indian Cultures varied throughout North America i. Sedentary existence ii. Nomadic existence iii. Seasonal migrations d. Southwest i. Navajo ii. Herding Sheep iii. Altered environment e. Great Plains i. Many tribes ii. Economy centered around bison iii. Tribes fought each other for access to herds iv. Altered environment 1. prairie fires 2. drove herds off cliffs v. Market economy resulted in slaughter of Buffalo, about 1850 .. 1. by Indians, participated in market economy 2. by Europeans--railroads, sportsmen, fur traders f. Pacific Northwest i. Nez Perce ii. Lived along Columbia River and tributaries
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