Lecture Outline-Quest for Empire, 1865-1914

Lecture Outline-Quest for Empire, 1865-1914 - The Quest for...

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1The Quest for Empire, 1865-1914 I. Introduction A. Expansion versus Imperialism 1. Expansionism: development of trade relationships 2. Imperialism: control over others undermining sovereignty of other countries stripping people in other nations of freedom 3. Formal vs. informal imperialism 4. Average Americans approved of expansion, disapproved of imperialism 5. US held extensive interests throughout the world that were . .. Economic Strategic Political 6. Call it what you will II. Imperial Promoters A. Foreign policy grew out of domestic situation 1. economic growth 2. shaping of mass culture 3. US “exceptionalism” Racism Manifest Destiny B. Foreign Policy Elite 1. An elite group of Americans crafted foreign policy. a. This has always been the case. b. Elites worked in . .. politics business religion journalism education c. Elites included . .. Henry Adams (writer and intellectual) John Hay (ambassador) Theodore Roosevelt (president) Henry Cabot Lodge (senator) B. Economic Expansion 1. Greatest incentive for expansion: foreign markets a. Economic ties to foreign nations served as a safety valve to relieve . .. overproduction unemployment social tension 2. US took concerted action: a. built larger navy
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b. professionalized foreign service c. called for colonies abroad d. developed interventionist foreign policy 3. US trade abroad a. 1865 = $234 million b. 1900 = $1.5 billion c. 1914 = $2.5 billion III. Ideology, Culture, and Empire 1. Ideology: a belief system 2. Culture: attitudes, tastes, manners of particular time and place A. American leaders exhibited ideology and culture imbued with . .. 1. nationalism 2. exceptionalism 3. capitalism 4. Social Darwinism 5. paternalism B. Race Thinking 1. American imperialism was guided by racial hierarchy: a. Anglo-Saxons at the top b. People of color at the bottom C. Missionaries 1. 10,000 American missionaries (1915) 2. Carried racial and cultural attitudes abroad IV. Ambitions Abroad, 1860s-1880s A. William H. Seward, an early architect of empire 1. New York senator 2. Secretary of State 3. Seward’s Quest for Empire, included. . Canada
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 1103 taught by Professor Rohrer during the Spring '06 term at Oklahoma State.

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Lecture Outline-Quest for Empire, 1865-1914 - The Quest for...

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