Understanding Tourism basic Glosary - WTO

Understanding Tourism basic Glosary - WTO - Understanding...

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Understanding Tourism: Basic Glossary Understanding Tourism: Basic Glossary The glossary has been made possible thanks to the international community’s work on defining a new conceptual framework for measuring and analysing tourism economics; an effort that lasted almost three years (2005/2007). The international consensus that followed, in the form of United Nations approved International Recommendations, establishes the concepts, definitions, classifications and the basic set of data and indicators that should be part of any national System of Tourism Statistics. Tourism is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes. These people are called visitors (which may be either tourists or excursionists; residents or non-residents) and tourism has to do with their activities, some of which imply tourism expenditure. As such, tourism has implications on the economy, on the natural and built environment, on the local population at the destination and on the tourists themselves. Due to these multiple impacts, the wide range and variety of production factors required to produce those goods and services acquired by visitors, and the wide spectrum of stakeholders involved or affected by tourism, there is a need for a holistic approach to tourism development, management and monitoring. This approach is strongly recommended in order to formulate and implement national and local tourism policies as well as the necessary international agreements or other processes in respect of tourism. Business visitor A business visitor is a visitor whose main purpose for a tourism trip corresponds to the business and professional category. Country of reference The country of reference refers to the country for which the measurement is done. As a general observation, it should be noted that in the International Recommendations 2008 : (a) The te rm “country” can be transposed to a different geographical level using the term “place” instead (either a region, municipality or other subnational geographic
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location); (b) The term “long - term” is used as the equivalent of a year or more and “short - term” as less than a year. Country of residence The country of residence of a household is determined according to the centre of predominant economic interest of its members. If a person resides (or intends to reside) for more than one year in a given country and has there his/her centre of economic interest (for example, where the predominant amount of time is spent), he/she is considered as a resident of this country. Destination (main destination) of a trip The main destination of a tourism trip is defined as the place visited that is central to the decision to take the trip. See also purpose of a tourism trip .
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