Lecture Outline-The Cold War and American Globalism, 1945-1961

Lecture Outline-The Cold War and American Globalism, 1945-1961

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1The Cold War and American Globalism, 1945-1961 1. What was the Cold War? a. Non-violent confrontation between US, USSR b. Occurred mid-1940s to 1989 2. Why did the Cold War Begin? a. Settlement of World War II b. Yalta Conference, February 1945 i. Allied leaders met to discuss war: Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill ii. Each leader had unique goals: (1) Britain: (a) Make France partner in post-war occupation of Germany (b) Curb Soviet influence in Poland (c) Ensure protection for British empire (2) USSR: (a) Reparations from Germany to rebuild its country (b) A permanently weakened Germany (c) Possessions in Asia (d) Continued influence in Poland (3) United States: (a) United Nations organization with international influence (b) Soviet declaration of War against Japan (c) Recognition of China as a major power (d) Compromise with British over Poland iii. Allies agreed to divide Germany into four zones (1) Each occupied a sphere (2) France occupied fourth zone (3) Germany capital city, Berlin, lay within Soviet zone iv. Marked high-point of the “Grand Alliance” between these powers c. Potsdam Conference, July to August 1945 i. Grand Alliance was crumbling ii. FDR was dead iii. Truman was president d. Postwar Instability i. Devastation to Europe and Asia ii. Power vacuums: (1) collapse of Germany, Japan iii. Who would fill the void? (1)
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 1103 taught by Professor Rohrer during the Spring '06 term at Oklahoma State.

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Lecture Outline-The Cold War and American Globalism, 1945-1961

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