Lecture Outline-Civil Rights, the New Frontier, and the Great Society, 1945 to 1968

Lecture Outline-Civil Rights, the New Frontier, and the Great Society, 1945 to 1968

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1Civil Rights, the New Frontier, and the Great Society, 1945 to 1968 1 Introduction A. Modern welfare state i. New Deal provided a foundation ii. Triumphed in the 1960s a. JFK: New Frontier b. LBJ: Great Society B.Civil Rights i. Struggle stemmed from Civil War, Reconstruction ii. Modest successes in 1950s iii. South: Jim Crow remained iv. North: urban ghettos perpetuated inequality 2 The Civil Rights Movement in the 1940s and 1950s A. Impacted of the Cold War i. Benefitted the civil rights movement ii. Highlighted American hypocrisy B. frican Americans’ Political Balance of Power i. African Americans asserted themselves after WW II ii. 1 million-plus African Americans migrated from South iii. Black voters made their presence felt. C.Truman Took Action on Civil Rights i. Truman . .. ii. felt moral obligation to address civil rights a. est. President’s Committee on Civil Rights b. Recommended . .. federal anti-lynching, anti-segregation laws laws guaranteeing civil rights, equal employment iii. began desegregating federal government a. Employment Board of the Civil Service Commission iv. ordered military to desegregate a. Committee on Equal Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services D. Supreme Court Decisions on Civil Rights i. Key rulings chipped away at legalized racism ii. NAACP . .. a. precipitated action b. organized a legal defense fund iii. Supreme Court . .. a. outlawed white-only primary elections b. ruled against segregation in interstate bussing. c. ruled housing covenants excluding blacks were illegal iv. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka a A major civil rights victory b. Court ruled “separate but equal” was inherently unequal. E. White Resistance to Civil Rights i Some communities complied with desegregation.
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ii. Other communities resisted desegregation, in the North. and South iii. Southern middle-class whites . .. a. resisted desegregation
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Lecture Outline-Civil Rights, the New Frontier, and the Great Society, 1945 to 1968

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