2.26.08 - Topic 5 : The Rise of African Slavery 1. West...

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Topic 5 : The Rise of African Slavery 1. West Africa a. Overview i. Three great successive empires controlling trans-saharan trade: ancient Ghana, mali and Songhai ii. Petty states along the atlantic coast b. Women in Africa i. Great diversity – division of labor based on gender ii. Men cleared and planted “men’s crops” that were sold in market, hunted, fished, tended herds iii. Women raised subsistence foods, kept the home, raised children, fetched water and firewood, raised small livestock, dressed meat c. Gender and Slavery i. Critical role in deciding fate of slaves – domestic buyers favored women because of their reproductive and profit-making capabilities ii. Owners could more easily incorporate women into is family as servants, wives, concubines and mothers. iii. Men had complete custodial rights over the children of slave mothers
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iv. Women field laborers more necessary for production of food for consumption d. 16 th and 17 th century disruptions of African trade Routes i. West Africa 1. Moroccan invasion in 1591 ends Songhai empre, western Sudanic civilization collapses 2. Morroccan withdrawal in 1612 leads to anarchy / rise of petty states along the coast ii. Mediterranean World 1. Rise of the Ottoman Empire 2. Ottoman Conquest of eastern Mediterranean. A shift in focus away from trans-Saharan trade/relations toward Eastern Europe/Russia and Persia iii. Western Europe 1. More western European nations permitted to set up factories by the petty kings of West Africa, allowing African kings access to new trade networks which they can monopolize. 2. Similar items exchanged: cloth for cloth, European pig iron for superior grade African iron, other luxury items, salt and slaves.
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e. England and Slavery i. Historically, the English only enslaved non-Christians (of all races) ii. Status of a slave in England was not for life – could become free by conversion to Christianity f. English Self-Image i. Colonists did not describe themselves as “white”
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2.26.08 - Topic 5 : The Rise of African Slavery 1. West...

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