3.6.08 - 1 Albany plan a Colonial congress summoned by...

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1. Albany plan a. Colonial congress summoned by imperial authorities to discuss colonial defenses b. Ben franklin proposed creation of a union with a president-general which would provide for the common defense c. Albany plan not implemented i. Created a collective American consciousness ii. Established inter-colonial relationships. 2. Seven Years’ War a. Global war – main theater was north America i. French and their Indian allies have the upper hand at first ii. Iroquois remain neutrals iii. Displaced Indians support the French b. British commanders very ineffectual – only the colonial militias’ attacks on the French successful. 3. Colonial issues a. All colonial officers lower in rank than the greenest regular ensign b. Imperial government makes financial/troop demands upon the colonies
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c. Lack of support from colonial governments and citizens 4. The balance shifts a. William pitt becomes prime minister i. Changes imperial policy towards colonial officers and assemblies ii. Iroquois side with the British 1. To save “their” Ohio territory 2. To prevent Shawnee-delaware-mingo independence iii. French forts in Ohio and along the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence now vulnerable 1. British cut off trade to the Indians iv. Numbers now favor the British 1. Pivotal battle: plains of Abraham – French army surrenders, loss of Quebec.
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