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hist final - Munich agreement(1938 Agreement regarding...

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Munich agreement (1938) – Agreement regarding Sudetenland Crisis (area of immense importance to Czech.’s border defenses) that divided the state between Nazi German, Poland, and Hungary. Roosevelt kept US aloof but expressed tacit agreement w/ the policy of appeasement. Czech. not invited to conference. Pearl Harbor (12/7/41) – Warning sent didn’t arrive soon enough; soldiers at PH were caught off-guard, Japan crippled fleet & major base, brought US fully into WWII, united country behind Roosevelt as they realized the Axis power. Battle of Stalingrad – D-Day (6/6/44) – B. of Normandy begins, large seaborne/airborne assault across English channel to liberate Normandy in northern France. Main purpose was to get a foothold to begin the downfall of Nazi Germany A-bombs – 2 dropped in Japan after fall of Germany, developed in secret since 1939 under Manhattan Project (refugee sci’s), Truman advised to drop them w/o warning, agreed, caused emperor to persuade ministers to surrender unconditionally on 8/14/1945. US’ stockpile + secrecy = postwar arms race that led into the Cold War between US and Russia who had secretly been researching A-bomb production (1 st exploded in fall 1949) Marshall plan – Named after SoS George Marshall, massive European recovery act, offered economic aid to countries who would accept certain political and social reforms; Russia/satellites rejected, Marshall plan used to support non-Communist countries, helped bring countries far past pre-war levels Berlin airlift – Stalin tested American resolve by blockading US part of Berlin (divided city w/in Russian area); Truman didn’t want to start a war, initiated massive airlift of supplies/food while attempting
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