Learning and the Learning Experience

Learning and the Learning Experience - Learning and the...

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Learning and the Learning Experience 10/22/07 The Behaviorist Perspective o Useful in many different areas Education Dog peeing on carpet example o We as humans do not have to try out everyting Types of Learning o Classical Conditioning o Operant Conditioning o Classical Conditioning o Ex. Sound of a dentist’s drill; sweaty palms o Discovered (accidentally) by Ivan Pavlov Components Unconditioned stimulus (US) Unconditioned response (UR) Conditioned stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR) o Pavlov’s Dogs US is meat UR is the salivating Bell is a neutral stimulus because dogs don’t usually drool when a bell is rung Ringing of the bell becomes a conditioned Stimulus Salivation in the absence of the meat is the CR o Watson’s Little Albert Albert naturally fears loud noises US is the loud noise UR is the crying Albert came to associate the white rat with loud noises o Conditioned Emotional Response Conditioned phobias
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Learning and the Learning Experience - Learning and the...

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