Personality - Personality What is personality? o...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Personality What is personality? o Personality – psychological aspects of a person that are relatively stable over time and across situations o Four approaches to studying personality Psychodynamic approaches Humanistic approaches Trait approaches Cognitive – learning approaches Psychodynamic approaches o Brief overview Personality results from unconscious conflicts Personality develops in childhood and doesn’t change o Three levels of consciousness Conscious Normal awareness Rational, goal-directed Pre-Conscious Easily brought to consciousness Like long-term memory Unconcious Hidden thoughts and desires (not accessible) Biggest part of our personality Iceberg metaphor o Top is conscious o Middle that bobs up/down is preconscious o Underwater is unconscious o Personality Structure 1. The Id primitive compontent (present at birth) sexual and aggressive drives the pleasure principle (impulses, desires) unconscious 2. The Superego the conscience (internalized structures) restrains the Id somewhat conscious 3. The ego resolves conflicts between the id and the superego the reality principle
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSYCH 110 taught by Professor Finkel during the Fall '08 term at Northwestern.

Page1 / 4

Personality - Personality What is personality? o...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online