Chapter 4_Poverty and Welfaredoc

Chapter 4_Poverty and Welfaredoc - Chapter 4: Poverty and...

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Aid to Families with Dependent Children: Was widely criticized for its negative effects: it encouraged recipients to stay on welfare and discouraged fathers from staying with their families. Alleviative Strategy: The second strategy incorporated into the Social Security Act is the alleviative strategy. No attempt is made to attack the causes of poverty, as was true with preventive strategy, but merely to provide some assistance to those suffering from it. The alleviative programs (welfare) have been attacked as inefficient and costly, providing disincentives for work and for the maintenance of the family. They included AFDC, Medicaid, etc. Intended to be temporary until the economy recovered and Social Security payments began. Antipoverty Strategies: The government poverty policies can be viewed as strategies. The notion of strategy suggests a perspective of what the problem of poverty is (the problem ID state). The concept of strategy is also useful because the different problem perspectives inherent in a strategy structure the rest of the policy process. Block Grant: A sum of money given, in this case to the states, that can be used by the states in any way it wants to meet the objectives of the law. Under AFDC, the money could only be used for cash assistance. Under the block grant, states could use the funds for cash assistance, but could also be used to help the welfare recipient get off welfare and into the work force. Community Action Program (CAP): Set up by the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 on the premise that poor people and poor communities lacked control or political power over institutions that affected their lives. CAP set up local community action agencies (CAAs) with board members in the target communities. CAAs received direct funding from the Office of Economic Opportunity and developed a mix of programs depending on their needs. CAPs soon became controversial because big-city mayors felt that they should have control over the distribution of funds and in some cases felt they were being politically undermined. Nixon dismantled the program. Contract with America: A campaign platform agreed upon by House Republicans in 1994. Called for the passage of a “Personal Responsibility Act” that would, among other things, end welfare payments to teenage mothers, require ID of fathers as a condition of receiving AFDC, have a consecutive-two-year time limit and a five-year lifetime limit on receiving assistance, consolidate many of the welfare programs, and convert the AFDC categorical grant to a block grant to give states flexibility in achieving the legislation’s goals. Curative Strategy: Attempting to cure the causes of poverty. The Economic Opportunity Act of 1964/ War on Poverty. Devolution:
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Chapter 4_Poverty and Welfaredoc - Chapter 4: Poverty and...

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