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RULE OF AKBAR AND ITS HISTORICAL ROLE IN INDIANSUBCONTINENTCourse:History of South AsiaSubmitted to:Ms. Ayesha TariqSubmitted by:Nayyab GulRabia AsifSadia RiazWajiha ZainabSemester:LLB-IX (2016-21)Spring 2020Date of Submission:Dec 19, 2020Department of LawFatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi
TABLE OF CONTENTAbstract……………………………………………………………………………………. IIIIntroduction………………………………………………………………………………….1The Reign of Akbar the Great……………………………………………………………….12.1. Brief Biography of AkbarAkbar as Emperor……………………………………………………………………………2Akbar’s Struggle in unifying India…………………………………………………………..35.1. Conquest of Rajasthan5.2. Conquest of Gujarat and Bengal5.3. The FrontiersThe State and Society under Akbar…………………………………………………………56.1. Central, Provincial and Local Government6.2. The Composition of the Mughal Nobility6.3. Organization of Nobility and the Army6.4. Revenue System6.5.Fiscal Administration6.6. Coinage6.7. Evolution of a Nonsectarian StateArchitecture during Akbar Reign……………………………………………………………118.1. Tomb of Humayun8.2. Paintings during Akbar Reign8.3. Method and Techniques under AkbarI
Akbarnama…………………………………………………………………………………13Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………14Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………….15II
ABSTRACTAkbar the Great (1556-1605) was a well-known Mughal ruler and regarded as a greatruler due to his achievements in the military, politics, development and administration. Infact, he was regarded as the definitive founder of the Mughal Empire after his victory over anarmy led by Humayun the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556. The victory has opened a wayfor Akbar to become the sole emperor in the Indian sub-continent and continued to wage warsagainst Hindu rajahs. To unify the vast Indian states under a single Mughal empire, Akbarintroduced several administrative policies. The objective of this study is to analyze the Indianunification efforts under the Mughal Empire. This research found that Akbar hasimplemented several policies to unify the whole of the Indian subcontinent in order toachieve his mission of ‘Mughal Union’.III
1. INTRODUCTIONThe Mughal Empire was established in 1526 in Northern India under the rule ofthe great grandson of Tamerlance, Zahir Ud Din Babur after he was invited into Indiaby the Indian Governor to assist in a battle against Ibrahim Lodi, the last head of theDelhi Sultanate.1Babur of the Tirmurid dynasty founded the Mughal Empire (and MughalDynasty) in 1526 and ruled until 1530. He was followed by Humayun (1530-1540)and (1555-1556), Akbar (1556-1605) was his son, and, this research discuss the ruleof Akbar.21.2.Brief Biography of Akbar:Akbar also known as Abu al-Fath, Jalal al-Din and Akbar, Akbar’s real namewas Muhammad. The name ‘Akbar’ itself carried the meaning of ‘the greatest’. Bornon the 15thof October 1542, he was the son of the second Mughal ruler, Nasir al-DinHumayun. Akbar’s birth brought joy to Humayun as the latter now had a son whowill be the heir to his throne and after his death, Akbar ascended to the throne of theMughals at a very tender age of 14 years.32.AKBAR AS EMPERORAs he became an emperor at a very young age, Akbar did not have much time tolearn knowledge and skills.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Laibson
Tags
Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar, Humayun Akbar

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