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(12) Intellectual Property - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Focus on...

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INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
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2 Focus on What is Intellectual Property (IP)? How to protect your IP rights? Stopping others from infringing your IP Protecting yourself from infringing the IP rights of others Legislation of IP in Singapore
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3 What is IP ? Creations of the mind, such as inventions, literary pieces, art, music, design, photographs, slogans or names.
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4 IP RIGHTS Legal protection for IP, which can take the forms of 1) Patents 2) Trademarks 3) Copyrights 4) Trade secrets
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5 (1) PATENT What does it protect? 1) Design Patent: Protects Designs for articles of manufacture 2) Utility Patent: Protects processes and machines and any new and useful improvements on them How long does protection last? 20 years from filing
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6 PATENT - Provides the right to stop others from manufacturing using or selling products that are covered by your patent, i.e. provides the right to prevent others from “practising” your invention. It is the “right to exclude”.
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7 PATENT - Does not provide you with the “right to practice”. It means that even though you may receive a patent on your invention (which means that you have the right to prevent others from practising your invention), you may not be able to manufacture, use or sell your inventions yourself.
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8 (1) PATENT EXAMPLE You obtain a patent on an existing technology plus improvement (a car windshield wiper that adjusts its wiping speed based on the rate of rainfall hitting the windshield). You would be precluded from practising your invention if someone else holds a patent on the underlying existing technology (i.e. windshield wipers).
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