(11) Singapore and International Standards

(11) Singapore and International Standards - SINGAPORE AND...

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SINGAPORE AND SINGAPORE AND INTERNATIONAL INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS STANDARDS 1
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CONTENTS CONTENTS What What is “Standard”? is “Standard”? Why Why standardize? standardize? What What are different types of are different types of standards? standards? Singapore standardization structure Singapore standardization structure Singapore standardization strategy Singapore standardization strategy International standardization International standardization structure structure 2
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How Singapore has leveraged How Singapore has leveraged upon upon international standardization? international standardization? Key milestones reached Key milestones reached Trends and key challenges Trends and key challenges Useful websites on standards Useful websites on standards 3 EARLIEST NATIONAL (SINGAPORE) STANDARDS (SS) SS1: Plywood for building and construction use SS2: Steel for reinforcement of concrete SS3: Safety requirements for domestic electrical and cooking appliances SOME LATEST SINGAPORE STANDARDS SS506: 2013 - Occupational safety and health management systems SS583: 2013 - Guidelines on food safety for food service establishments SS587: 2013 – Management of End-Of-Life ICT (Info Comm. Technology) Equipment e.g. laptops, hand phones
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WHAT IS “STANDARD”? WHAT IS “STANDARD”? A standard is a A standard is a document document approved by a approved by a recognized body recognized body , that provides, , that provides, for for common and common and repeated use repeated use , rules, , rules, guidelines or characteristics for products or guidelines or characteristics for products or related processes and production methods, related processes and production methods, with which with which compliance is not mandatory compliance is not mandatory . . It may also include or deal exclusively with It may also include or deal exclusively with terminology, symbols, packaging, marking terminology, symbols, packaging, marking or labeling requirements as they apply to a or labeling requirements as they apply to a product, process or production method. product, process or production method. Source: (WTO) Agreement on Technical Barrier to Trade –Annex 1 4
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WHY STANDARDISE? WHY STANDARDISE? Aim: Aim: Make a Make a product product , , process process or or service service fit for its fit for its purpose. purpose. Standards contribute to: Interoperability which eases sourcing Interoperability which eases sourcing manufacture and use manufacture and use Mutual recognition resulting in Mutual recognition resulting in cost reduction cost reduction Productivity Productivity Protection of Environment Protection of Environment Health Health Quality Quality Safety Safety Meeting market needs resulting in economic Meeting market needs resulting in economic viability viability Trade Trade 5 Same product can be bought else where
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WHAT IF STANDARDS DID NOT WHAT IF STANDARDS DID NOT EXIST?
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