neuroscience 10.doc - neural circuits. Indeed, it can even...

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neural circuits. Indeed, it can even be the case that the same populace of neurons can aid specific cognitivefeatures. Thus, interest of a area in or more obligations, or impairment on multiple responsibilities due to aunmarried, small lesion, might be explained both by a commonplace underlying feature or by means ofmultiple capabilities (Duncan & Owen, 2000; Farah, 1994; Shallice, 1988; Rumelhart & McClelland, 1986).Finally, both lesion technique and practical imaging proportion a reliance on ceteris paribus assumptions: thata unmarried variable is being manipulated and all different things are equal. Ceteris paribus assumptionscreate issues which might be method-specific, however the underlying philosophical issue is one that allmethods proportion. For instance, in lesion studies, a lack of reorganization is commonly assumed: All otherneural areas in a lesioned mind are assumed to be appearing the same duties they completed previous tolesion acquisition, and now not acquiring the functions of the lesioned vicinity. (This assumption almostwithout a doubt does not maintain in persistent-stage lesion patients; Farah, 2004.) In purposeful imagingresearch, it's far assumed that tasks that differ theoretically in a single cognitive method do not differentiallyrecruit neural regions for theoretically shared project components (Posner, Petersen, Fox, & Raichle, 1988).

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