fad2230 - 1 Sexual Orientation refers to whether an...

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1. Sexual Orientation: refers to whether an individual is drawn to a partner of the same sex or the opposite sex. Whatever one’s sexual orientation, sexual expression is negotiated amid cultural messages about what is sexually permissible or desirable. a. Heterosexual: attracted to opposite-sex partners b. Homosexual: attracted to same-sex partners (4% Men, 2% Women) c. Bisexual: attracted to people of both sexes 2. Holistic view of sex: that is, to see sex as an extension of the whole relationship rather than as a purely physical exchange, a single aspect of marriage. It is one way to keep marital sex pleasurable. 3. HIV/AIDS: “human immunodeficiency virus”, transmitted through the exchange of infected body fluids. Transmission from men to women is higher because of anatomical differences. Most children with AIDS contracted it from their mothers during pregnancy, at birth, or through breast milk. African American and Hispanic women have the highest rates of AIDS. 4. Marriage Gradient: the traditional tendency for women to marry up with regard to age, education, and occupation. Also shapes marital options, albeit to a weakening extent today compared to the past. 5. Homogamy: the tendency of people to marry others with whom they share certain social characteristics. People tend to marry people of similar race, age, education, religious background, and social class. 6. Interracial Marriages: include unions between partners of the white, African American, Asian, or Native American races with a spouse outside their own race. In June 1967 (Loving vs. Virginia) the US Supreme court declared that interracial marriages must be considered legally valid in all states. The proportion of interracial and interethnic marriages is small (6% of total marriages), but has steadily increased since 1970. (24% Black – White, mostly black male & white female) 7. Stimulus-values-roles (SVR) is a 3-stage filtering technique a. Stimulus stage: interaction depends upon physical attraction b. Values stage: partners compare their individual values and determine whether these are appropriately matched c. Role compatibility: prospective spouses test and negotiate how they will play their respective marital and leisure roles. 8. Attachment theory: during infancy and childhood, individuals develop a general style of attaching to others. There are three attachment styles: a. Secure: Children who trust that their needs will be met are likely to grow up as adults who are inclined to trust that their relationships will provide ongoing emotional support. b. Insecure/anxious: Children who feel abandoned will be adults that worry their beloved will leave or betray them; they often duck or evade, emotional closeness. 9.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course FAD 2230 taught by Professor Byno during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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fad2230 - 1 Sexual Orientation refers to whether an...

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