his paper 2 - Shanice Gaskins HIST 100 McGraw December 5...

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Shanice Gaskins HIST 100 McGraw December 5, 2014 American Revolutionary War and the Early Republic Introduction From April 1775 to April 1783, the foundation of what our nation was created on was laid down in what came to be known as the American War of Independence, or simply the American Revolutionary War. In a political, social, and economic rebellion against the Kingdom of Great Britain, the then thirteen colonies of Great Britain North America sought out to achieve “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,” 1 resulting in the end of the First British Empire, 2 as well as the formal establishment of the United States of America as an independent nation. Similar to social revolutions of today like the Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street, the Revolutionary War initially started as colonists speaking out to defend their rights to resist misguided and corrupt government officials and representatives. What began with diplomacy by the colonists became a fight to gain independence after their voices were attempted to be silenced by the crown. It is from the ashes of this war that the creation of the United States, as we know it, began. What this paper will show are the military strategies and challenges the American Patriots and British forces had during this 8-year war. Though Great Britain entered the war with much more experience in armed conflict compared to their American counterparts, they eventually accepted defeat and allowed the colonists to secede to form their own independent nation. This paper will show some of the war’s turning points that led to an American victory; the most notable occurring in 1778 when France intervened into the war 1 Jefferson, Thomas. "Thomas Jefferson’s First Draft of the Declaration of Independence (1776)." Chapter 5: The American Revolution, 1763-1783. July 04, 1776. http://wwnorton.com/college/history/give-me-liberty4/ch/05/documents.aspx . 2 Canny, Nicholas. The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume I: The Origins of Empire. Vol. 1. Oxford University Press, USA, 1998. 92.
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on the side of the American rebellion. Not only did this new alliance give American forces new strength, it would also influence French and other Europeans to fight for their own independence in future years. Finally, this paper will attempt to show the Revolutionary War as a social revolution, or more correctly, an unequal social revolution. Though this conflict succeeded at securing American independence, as this paper will show, it did so while also refusing equality to women, Blacks, and natives; while the colonists became committed to the Republican ideology of liberty and equality, they did so in a way that favoured only white men. This paper is meant to give brief details on the history of America and how its foundation came to be from the Revolutionary War.
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