Rise of Totalitarianism - World War IIPages 796 - 831* This is the basic format. You are encouraged to use much more space that provided here. The blank boxwill expand as you write more information. Sufficient detail is necessary for a good grade.SubjectSubject SummaryRise of TotalitarianismAn Uncertain PeaceFour years of devastating war left Europeans with profound sense of despair and disillusionment. The Great War indicated to many people that something dreadfully wrong with western values.French policy of coercionThis tough policy toward Germany began with the issue of reparations,the payments that the Germans were supposed to make to compensate for the “damage done to the civilian population of the Allied and Associated Powers and to their property,” as the treaty asserted.The hopeful yearsThe formation of new governments in both Great Britain and France opened the door to conciliatory approaches to Germany and the reparation problem. A new German government led by Gustav Stresemann ended the German government stabilized the currency and ended the extreme inflation by issuing a new temporary currency.Causes of Great DepressionTwo factors player an important role in bringing on the great depression: a downtown in domestic economies and international financial crisis caused by the collapse of the American stock market in 1929. Already in the mid-1920’s, prices for agricultural goods were beginning to decline rapidly due to overproduction of basic commodities, such as wheat.Social repercussion of depressionMany unemployed men, resenting this reversal of traditional gender roles, were open to the shrill cries of demagogues with simple solutions to the economic crisis. High unemployment rates among young males often led them to join gangs that gathered in parks or other public places, arousing fear among local residents.Fascist Italy, p. 759Kingdom ofItaly, between 1922–43, ruled by the National FascistParty under Benito Mussolini from 1922 until 1943.ItalianSocial Republic, a puppet state of Nazi Germany, ruled bythe RepublicanFascistParty under Benito Mussolini from 1943 to 1945.Benito MussoliniWas an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943Weimar GermanyAfter Germany’s defeat in World War I, a German democratic state known as the Weimar republic had been established. Formed by a coalition of social democrats, the Catholic Center Party, and German Democrats, the fragmented republic, and in 1925, Paul von Hindenburg was a traditional military man, monarchist in sentiment, who at heart was not in favor of the republic.