nov6 - The Song Dynasty Turmoil after the Tang The Tang...

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The Song Dynasty Turmoil after the Tang - The Tang empire fell in 907 - Division into five dynasties for next 50 years - Khitan Mongols conquer 16 border prefectures including modern Beijing and set up Liao dynasty in northeast China The Rise of the Song - In 960, Zhao Guangyin usurps the throne in the north - Establishes the Song dynasty with capital at Kaifeng - By his death in 976, had acquired control over most of China - His successor, Taizong (976-997) consolidated control - Song unable to retake Central Asia, Vietnam, or areas under Liao control The Military under the Song - Song military weaker than Han or Tang - Military downgraded and placed under tight central control - Best military units shifted to the capital rather than borderlands - Weakened border defenses Government and Administration - Continued basic Tang administrative structure - Restrictions on power held by eunuchs, families of empresses, and close relatives of officials - Wealthy families focused on succeeding in bureaucratic exams Taxation - Based on land tax - Peasants still bore the chief burden, especially with growth of tribute payments to barbarian neighbors Reforms of Wang Anshi( ) - Wang Anshi was chief counselor to Emperor Shenzong (1067-1085) - Reforms begin in 1069 - Increased state intervention in economy - Changed tax structure - Loans given to peasants - Opposed by landed interests, big merchants and bureaucrats
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nov6 - The Song Dynasty Turmoil after the Tang The Tang...

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