oct2 - Oct 2,2007 The Legalist Legalist Thought - Arose in...

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Oct 2,2007 The Legalist Legalist Thought - Arose in the 3 rd century BCE - Combined elements of both Daoist and Confusion thought, especially that of Xunzi - Extremely influential in the western state of Qin, which eventually unified all of China in 221 BCE Shang Yang V (5 th -4 th century BCE) - Chief minister of Qin - Consolidated Qin’s system of harsh law and emphasis on millitarisation - The Book of Lord Shang , a prominent Legalist work, attributed to him, but likely was written later Han Feizi c (early 3 rd century BCE) - Most prominent Legalist theorist - Disciple of Xunzi c - Influential on Li Si (c )c the chief minister of Qin when it united north China in 221BCE Legalist Morality - Morality based on what is good for the state - People to be kept obedient to the ruler and the state through harsh laws and punishments - Knowledge of law and punishments would keep people obedient and strengthen the state Economy and Military - Aim of the state was to be economically prosperous and military strong - Efficient agriculture, state control of the economy, and military build up all advocated to support these ends Centrality of the state - Nothing was to exist outside state control - Any alternate philosophy, power, or act outside the control of the state was harmful to the state - People were to be kept ignorant - Rites, music, or literature would be subversive, so had to be controlled or suppressed
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oct2 - Oct 2,2007 The Legalist Legalist Thought - Arose in...

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