Oct9 - Oct 9th Trade and Technology - Period of extensive...

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Oct 9th Trade and Technology - Period of extensive foreign trade - Silk trade with the Middle East and Europe - Improved agricultural technology increased food production - Paper and porcelain invented during the Later Han period Economic Problems - The Later Han came to power as a result of support of wealthy landowners - These landowners and their peasants were exempt from taxation - As their holdings expanded, the central state entered first crisis Political crisis - Later Han emperors increasingly weak - Rivalries between the families of empresses and eunuchs - Eunchs gain the upper hand Daoist Rebellions - in 184 CE, had two separate rebellions led by Daoist sects - Five Bushets of Rice sect in Sichuan (western China) - Yellow Turbans in eastern China - Rebellions rage for three decades and severely weaken the state The End of the Han Dynasty - Power fell into the hands of military generals - Most powerful was Cao Cao, who controlled northern China - Liu Bei controlled Sichuan and Sun Quan controlled the south - Cao Cao dies in 220 CE and his son overthrows the last Han emperor
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The Three Kingdoms, Six Dynasties and the Rise of Buddhism The Three Kingdoms - Wei- led by Cao Cao’s descendants - Shu Han- founded by Liu Bei and centred in Sichuan - Wu – founded by Sun Quan and centred in southern China
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Oct9 - Oct 9th Trade and Technology - Period of extensive...

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