Culture - The system of meanings about the nature of experience that are
shared by a people and passed from one generation to another, including
the meanings that people give to things, events and activities, and people.
Ethnocentrism - The tendency to judge beliefs and behaviours of other
cultures from the perspective of one's own culture. - IT IS THE ACT
Ethnocentric fallacy - The mistaken notion that the beliefs and behaviours
of other cultures can be judged from the perspective of one's own culture.
- IT IS THE BELEIF
Relativism - attempt to understand the beliefs and behaviours of other
cultures in terms of the culture in which they are found- IT IS THE ACT
Relativistic fallacy- The idea that it is impossible to make moral
judgments about the beliefs and behaviours of members of other
cultures.- IT IS THE BELIEF
Armchair anthropology- Approach to study of various societies-
dominated in late 1800's; collect, study and analyze writings of
missionaries, explorers and colonists- they made comparisons and
generalizations about the ways of life of various groups.
Participant observation- element of fieldwork involves participating in
daily tasks and observing interactions
Fieldwork- long- term interactions with group of people- involves living
with people, observing and contributing to daily chores and task and
conducting interviews- historically has been qualitative
Ethnographic method - The immersion of researchers in the lives and
cultures of people they are trying to understand in order to comprehend
the meanings these people ascribe to their experience.
10.Socio-cultural anthropology- approach that retains the British focus on
social anth at the same time as it adds the American focus on culture to
produce something slightly different from either one.
11.Applied anthropology- specializes in putting anthropological knowledge
into practise outside academia, seek to explain diversity to help people
understand one another better (i.e. Diff meanings to diff events leads to
misunderstanding and conflict)
12.Identity- learned personal and social types of affiliation, including gender,
sexuality, race, class, nationalism and ethnicity.
13.Enculturation- the process through which individuals learn identity.
Parental socialization, peer influence, mass media, gov't..
14.Egocentric view of the self - defines each person as a replica of all
humanity, as the location of motivations and drives and as capable of
acting independently of others.