20080227 - 2/25/2008 Basic Divisions Subsistence Strategies...

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2/25/2008 1 Basic Divisions Subsistence Strategies – modes of production Food Food collectors producers Subsistence agriculture y Local, not market y Livestock, supplement y Adaptive/subsistence strategy y Calories y Sustainability Horticulture y non-intensive y simple tools y cyclical y Slash-and-burn cultivation y Shifting cultivation
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2/25/2008 2 Horticulture, Shifting cultivation, slash and burn, swidden y Land rotation system y Where practiced? Horticulture y Sedentary Characteristics y Population density y Sedentism y Social structure: tribe y Kinship units y Leaders
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2/25/2008 3 Diet y 80-90% y Supplemen Supplement Typical features 1. Clear forest –S&B
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2/25/2008 4 Typical features 1. Clear forest 2. Soil prepared 3. Human labor 4. Fertilizers Typical features 5. Irrigation 6. Multi-crop gardens
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20080227 - 2/25/2008 Basic Divisions Subsistence Strategies...

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