gov-Chapter 14 - Vaughn 1 Chapter 14 Discussion Questions 3 Our lives are regulated by policies that influence nearly everything we do These are private

gov-Chapter 14 - Vaughn 1 Chapter 14 Discussion Questions 3...

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Vaughn 1 Chapter 14 Discussion Questions 3. Our lives are regulated by policies that influence nearly everything we do. These are private, nongovernmental policies, adopted by individuals, businesses, or organizations to solve problems and to advance individual or group interests. Public policy is a government plan of action to solve a problem that people share collectively or that they cannot solve on their own. Government can address public problems directly, by building schools, prisons, or highways, for example, but a great deal of public problem solving entails offering incentives to individuals or groups to get them to behave the way the government wants them to behave. Despite the good intentions of policymakers, however, public problems can be difficult to solve. The definition of public problem is not something that can be looked up in a book. It is the product of the values and beliefs of political actors and, consequently, is frequently the subject of passionate debate. Public problems can be hard because solutions cost money, often a lot of money. Public problems can also be difficult to solve because their solutions often generate new problems. A final reason that problems can be hard to solve has to do with their complexity. In effort to make sense of all the policies in contemporary politics, some political scientists divide them into types- redistributive, distributive, or regulatory. Redistributive policies attempt to shift wealth, income, and other resources, haves to have-nots. Distributive policies, on the other hand, are much easier
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