Legacy Final Review

Legacy Final Review - Legacy Final Review Otto von...

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Legacy Final Review Otto von Bismarck - (1815-1890) The prime minister of Prussia and later the first chancellor of Germany, helped consolidate the German people’s economic and military power. 1866 war with Austria to show Prussia’s power- unified N. Germany. After Franco-Prussian War there is an increase in nationalism, begins a policy of peace which balances European powers and is best for the country. Socialist Revolutionaries - In (1903) the leadership of the Russian Social Democrats split over revolutionary strategy and the steps to socialism. The Bolsheviks favoured a centralized party of active revolutionaries and believed that revolution alone would lead directly to a socialist regime. The Mensheviks wanted to move towards socialism gradually, supporting “bourgeois” or liberal revolution in the short term; reasoned that a proletarian revolution was premature and that Russia needed to complete its capitalist development first. Bolshevism - (Bolsheviks “members of the majority”) Former members of the Russian Social Democratic Party who advocated the destruction of capitalist political and economic institutions and started the Russian Revolution. In 1918 the Bolsheviks changed their name to the Russian Communist Party. Favoured a centralized party of active revolutionaries and believed that revolution alone would lead directly to a socialist regime. When it became the minority party, Vladimir Illyich Ulyanov (Lenin) helped it survive with his leadership skills. October/November Revolution (1917) - Throughout 1917 the Bolsheviks demanded an end to the war, improvement in working and living conditions for workers, and redistribution of aristocratic land to the peasantry. Lenin’s three basic points: 1) land 2) peace 3) bread. October 25, 1917 Lenin announced to a meeting of Soviet representatives that “all power had passed to the Soviets,” the Bolsheviks took over the Winter Palace, quickly and relatively without blood. They immediately expelled parties opposed to their actions and created a new government of only Bolsheviks. V.I. Lenin - (1810-1924) Leader of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia (1917), first leader of the Soviet Union. After Bolsheviks gain power, Lenin is the leader and establishes war communism, but then the “New Economic Policy” (NEP) where only big industry is under government control. After his death, struggle for power in Russia. Joseph Stalin
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Adams during the Spring '08 term at St. Mary MD.

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Legacy Final Review - Legacy Final Review Otto von...

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