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terrorexam - POLI 4990 u TERRORISM FINAL EXAM Answer TWO(2...

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Unformatted text preview: POLI 4990 u TERRORISM FINAL EXAM Answer TWO (2) of the following questions in well organized essays of about 3-4 pages. (100 points; 70 for content, and 30 for writing) «- DUE Friday, Dec. 7, NOON, in my office or mailbox (hard copies only) 0 Answers should be typed, double-spaced, 12-point, left~justified, with 1” margins, and pages numbered. Put the number of the question you’re answering at the beginning of the essay. I Please attach a SEPARATE page with your name; do not put your name on the other pages. a No more than 10% of your text (about 2.5 lines per page) should consist of quotations. Essays that exceed this will receive a writing grade of O. I Unattributed quotations (plagiarism) will result in a grade of l] for the entire essay. 1. We often hear that we are dealing with a “new terrorism” and that “9/1 i changed everything.” To what degree do you find these statements (a) true, and (b) useful? Explain your answer: 0 What, if anything, is new about the “new terrorism”? 0 What is not new? How does this concept help us to either explain or respond to terrorism? I What @ and has not changed in America, and in the world since 9/ 1 1? o How would America and the world be different if 9/11 had not happened? 2. Describe a likely scenario for the next major terrorist attack in US: What (type of) terrorist or terrorist group will commit this attack? What will the target(s) be? What sorts of tactics, methods, or weapons will be used against the target(s)? Why is this scenario likely? How might it be prevented? 3. Since terrorism occurs as part of a political conflict, conciliatory responses (those which acknowledge, and - partly —1neet the terrorists’ demands) can sometimes be effective in ending terrorism. The Chechens, Tamils, and Palestinians, have all used terrorism to push their demands for self-determination — autonomy or independence from the ruling Russian, Sri Lankan, and Israeli governments, respectively. The IRA and other Irish groups demand that Northern Ireland be part: of the Republic of Ireland, not of the United Kingdom. If you were a mediator in ONE of these conflicts, what would you recommend to each side? (Should the targeted government relinquish control over the territory in question? Should the separatists drop or modify their demands? If so, how?) Do you think the two sides would accept your recommendations? Explain your answers. [see back of page for remaining questions] POLI 4990 — TERRORISM FINAL EXAM 4. Media coverage of terrorist acts, it is argued, provides terrorists with the “oxygen of publicity.” Some further suggest that terrorist actions would cease (or at least significantly diminish) if the media stopped covering them. As evidence, they cite the ' lack of (dissident) terrorist acts in countries with state—controlled media, where such incidents would not have been reported (e.g., the Chechens’ school siege would not have been reported under Soviet rule; therefore, it would not have happened). Do you think that ending media coverage of terrorism would be an effective way to stop terrorism? Do you consider it an acceptable way? Why? 5. Is it sometimes necessary for democratic states to use repressive, authoritarian methods to ensure security? Why, or why not? If it is necessary, how can the state (or its citizens) ensure that these methods do not put an end to democracy itself? ...
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