14_Development of Gender

14_Development of Gender - Development of Gender(Chapter 13...

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Development of Gender (Chapter 13) 1. Explain what a gender-role standard is and contrast expressive and instrumental roles. a. GRS: values, motives, behaviors considered more appropriate for one sex b. Expressive: Kind, nurture, cooperative, sensitive (females) c. Instrumental: Dominant, assertive, independent, competitive (males) 2. Identify psychological and behavioral differences between the sexes that have been supported by research evidence. a. Males i. Visual/spatial abilities; arithmetic reasoning; physical/verbal aggression; activity level; developmental vulnerability; risk taking b. Females i. Verbal abilities; fear and timidity; emotional sensitivity/expressivity; compliance with adults; persuasion through suggestion, cooperation, and verbal negotiation c. Psychologically males and females are more alike than different 3. Discuss how influences in the home and in the school may contribute to the emergence of sex differences in different areas of academics. a. Parents: kids internalize parents’ views on gender; son = ability; daughters = hardwork b. Teachers: perceived lack of ability with girls and math and science; teachers make differences 4. Outline how a child’s gender concept typically changes across early childhood. a. 4 months – discriminate voices; 1 yo – identify pictures; 2-3yo – label themselves as male/female but don’t think it’s permanent until 5-7 yo.; 2yo – kids play with same gendered friends – different play styles
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14_Development of Gender - Development of Gender(Chapter 13...

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