11_Emotional Development

11_Emotional - Emotional Development(Chapter 11 1 Describe the developmental sequence of discrete emotions during infancy and distinguish between

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Emotional Development (Chapter 11) 1. Describe the developmental sequence of discrete emotions during infancy and distinguish between primary and secondary emotions a. React to stimulation; social smile; primary emotions; attachment; anxieties; social referencing; secondary and self conscious emotions b. Primary Emotions i. Those we feel first in response to a situation; they are usually unthinking instinctive responses c. Secondary Emotions i. Appear after primary emotions; may be caused directly by primary emotions or may be from more complex thinking 2. Describe developments in the ability to control emotions and to comply with cultural rules regarding the display of emotions a. The ability to regulate emotions develops very slowly; grade school children gradually are able to comply with cultural rules 3. Explain what is meant by social referencing. a. Use of others’ emotional expressions to infer meaning of otherwise ambiguous situations 4. Identify 5 components of temperament and evaluate the evidence regarding the genetic and environmental influences on temperament. a. Fearful distress, irritable distress, positive affect, activity level, attention span/persistence b. Genetic i. Identical twins more temperamentally similar than fraternal; moderate affects; important components are genetically influenced c. Environment i. Home environment effects positive aspects; nonshared environmental influences negative attributes – especially if there is specialty treatment for each child by the parents 5. Discuss the stability of temperament across childhood and adolescence. a. Activity level, irritability, sociability, and fearfulness are moderately stable through infancy, childhood and sometimes early adult years b. Behavioral inhibition i. Tendency to withdraw from unfamiliar people or situations –
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSYCH 021 taught by Professor Dr.v during the Fall '08 term at Drake University .

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11_Emotional - Emotional Development(Chapter 11 1 Describe the developmental sequence of discrete emotions during infancy and distinguish between

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