100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages.
Abortion1Controversial Issues in Health CarePaige OwensKaplan University
Abortion2Controversial Issues in Health CareAn abortion is a procedure to end a pregnancy. It uses medicine or surgery to remove the embryo or fetus and placenta from the uterus. The procedure is done by a licensed health care professional. In the United States abortions performed prior to the third trimester are legal, although the issue has polarized mainstream political parties. Typically, almost all state Democratic Party support abortion while almost all state Republican Party oppose it. Those who support abortion are known as pro-choice groups and those who are against abortion are known as the pro-life group. Pro-choice groups believe that woman should have access to whatever health care she needs and that she should have control over her own body. Those who are pro-lifebelieve that the embryo or fetus is alive and this abortion is murder. There is also the issue of state intervention: to what degree should the state have a say in a pregnancy?HistoryAbortion has existed in almost every society. Today, almost two-thirds of the women in the world may obtain a legal abortion. When America was founded, abortion was legal. Abortion became a crime and a sin because at that time abortion was a dangerous procedure done with crude methods, few antiseptics, and high mortality rates. “Protecting” woman at that time from the dangers of abortion was actually meant to control them and restrict them to their traditional child-bearing role. In 1980s doctors estimated that there were two million abortions a year in the