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chapter 5 child - Infancy 1 Main reflexes a Breathing i...

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Infancy 1. Main reflexes a. Breathing i. Repetitive inhalation and expiration b. Eye-blink i. Closing or blinking the eyes c. Pupillary i. Constriction of pupils to bright lights; dilation to dark or dimly lit surroundings d. Rooting i. Turning the head in the direction of a touch stimulus to the cheek e. Sucking i. Sucking on objects placed (or taken) into the mouth f. Swallowing i. Swallowing g. Babinski i. Fanning and then curling the toes when the bottom of the foot is stroked h. Palmar grasping i. Curling of the fingers around objects (such as a finger) that touch the baby’s pam i. Moro i. A loud noise or sudden change in the position of the baby’s head will cause the baby to throw his or her arms outward, arch the back, and then bring the arms toward each other as if to hold onto something j. Swimming i. An infant immersed in water will display active movements of the arms and legs and involuntarily hold his or her breath (thus giving the body buoyancy); this swimming reflex will keep an infant afloat for some time allowing easy rescue k. Stepping i. Infants held upright so that their feet touch a flat surface will step as if to walk 2. States a. Irregular sleep i. 8-9 hr/day, REM sleep, awake every 3-4 hrs, sleep cycles 50-60 min b. Regular sleep i. 8-9 hr/day, deep sleep c.
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